What Does a Veterinary Technician Do?

Veterinary technicians (vet techs) play a very significant role in a veterinary facility.

Their job is to help veterinarians (vets) with the care and treatment of animals.

Unlike veterinary assistants, vet techs must undergo formal schooling to pursue this career.

Read on to learn more about what a vet tech does every day.

Duties and Responsibilities

A vet tech is to the vet like a nurse is to the doctor.

You will usually perform the following tasks:

  • Assist vets
  • Monitor vital signs
  • Test blood, stool, and other samples
  • Take x-rays
  • Prepare animals for surgery
  • Perform dental procedures
  • Emergency first aid
  • Restrain animals during exams
  • Administer anesthesia
  • Administer medications, vaccines, and treatments

However, your responsibilities may vary depending on where you work.

In private practices, you’ll assist vets with treatments and work with pet owners.

If you work in research labs, you will help perform lab tests.

Work Environment

adopt a dog from a shelter

A number of vet techs work in:

  • Zoos
  • Research labs
  • Colleges and universities
  • Veterinary hospitals and clinics
  • Animal shelters and rescue organizations

To work here, you need knowledge, skills, and experience in animal care services.

And if you can get certified, much better.

Employers in these places usually prefer candidates with certifications over those without.

Another thing to note is that this job is physically and emotionally demanding.

You’ll have to:

  • Get exposed to animal bites, scratches, and kicks
  • See abused or critically ill animals
  • Work outside of office hours, especially if it’s an emergency

Education, Training, and Certification

You don’t need a four-year bachelor’s degree to be a vet tech.

However, you do need to take science courses in high school like biology to prepare for your degree.

Or you can even volunteer at an animal shelter or veterinary clinic to gain a bit of experience.

To be a vet tech, you only have to graduate with an associate’s degree from an accredited school.

The American Veterinary Medical Association lists the schools you can consider enrolling in.

Afterward, you can opt to take and pass the Veterinary Technician National Exam to obtain your certification.

Even though there are states that don’t require certification for vet techs, there are a few who made it mandatory.

Further, certification requirements vary by state.

So make sure to check whether the state you’re planning to work at requires it.

Skills and Competencies

A vet tech must possess certain skills and competencies to be successful in this job.

You must possess the following personal qualities:

Communication skills

Having the ability to communicate with supervising vets and pet owners is important.

This way, you’re able to understand instructions and interact well with people, especially your clients.

Organizational skills

Part of your work is to keep track of lab specimens and medications for multiple animals.

So when you’re organized, you’ll be able to remember information precisely, coordinating well with vets and vet assistants.

Physically fit

You’ll be on your feet for most of the day.

Moreover, you’ll occasionally need to manage, hold, restrain, and lift animals during treatment.

So being fit allows you to not collapse while on the job.


You’ll have to work with animals who are sick, injured, or even dying.

So be kind and compassionate to your animal patients and their owners.

two men showing care for a street cat

Expected Salary

Your salary varies depending on several factors:

  • Skills and experience
  • Work you perform
  • Industry/business you’re working in
  • State where you work
  • Certification you possess

Per the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) May 2020 data, here’s the average annual salary of a vet tech.

Lowest Median Highest
$25,520 $36,260 $52,410

Meanwhile, the table below shows the top five paying states you may consider working at.

State Annual Mean Wage
District of Columbia $66,850
Connecticut $48,620
Nevada $48,390
California $47,580
Massachusetts $46,480

Job Outlook

According to BLS, job openings for vet techs are expected to grow in the years to come.

The reason for the rise stems from the way pet owners willingly spend money on animal health and welfare.

Here’s the latest employment level data.

Employment 2020 114,400
Projected employment 2030 131,500
Percentage of change 15%

Meanwhile, these are the top five states with the highest employment levels for vet techs.

State Employment
Texas 12,480
Florida 9,460
California 8,950
Pennsylvania 4,670
New York 4,350

Note: Estimates don’t include self-employed workers.

Final Thoughts

Being a vet tech is both rewarding and challenging to have as a career.

You’ll have to essentially care for the health and well-being of your animal patients.

To succeed, you need to gain the necessary knowledge, skills, and experience to provide the best animal care there is.

And though it’s not a requirement, having a certification can open up more opportunities for you.

For instance, a higher pay grade and a promotion.

So are you ready to pursue a career as a vet tech?

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