The most frequent pets are dogs and this is not considered unusual being that they are estimated to have the equivalent intelligence of a 2-year-old, according to Live Science Managing Editor Jeanna Bryner.
So, you can learn dogs how to behave and have a real friend in your own home.
Many experiments and analyses have been done on doga, and in language development tests, average dogs were able to learn 165 words which are similar to a 2-year-old child, including signals and gestures.
Scientists believe that the top 20 percent of dogs with above-average intelligence can learn 250 words.
One way of learning your dog how to behave is via dog obedience training.
This kind of training is based on research that includes canine behavior, breed-special characteristics, and positive, consistent messages.
It all starts with a puppy and as it grows, it will learn first from its mother the basics of simply being a dog.
That way dogs are taught how to feed themselves, how to fend for themselves, and even their place in the pack hierarchy.
In case they are left alone with no human interaction, dogs will turn back to their instinctual behaviors, meaning that they will become wild and running in packs similar to wolves.
Taking into account the fact that dogs and humans have a complex relationship, it is not uncommon that dogs have been attached to humans for thousands of years.
What dogs can be and what kind of tasks they perform highly depends upon breed(s).
Dogs are companions, hunters, protectors, workers.
But, no matter which breed is in question, all dogs share the need for consistent training and continual learning challenges.
That is the only way to bring out their full potential.
They are very similar to children who respond best to clearly set boundaries, meaning that they need to know what they can and cannot do and what the limits are.
Training will be related to learning basic etiquette, public obedience to following detailed, and even some complex commands.
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The first three areas that puppy Kindergarten should and can be focused on are socialization, housebreaking, and learning to follow basic commands.
Socialization involves interaction with other dogs and learning to behave around new and different people.
The good thing is that dogs show their personalities at an early age, so people can see if there is any aggressive or fearful behavior needing to be worked on.
Dog training professionals agree that dog owners also play a very important role in this training, as they need to learn to train and handle their own dogs at home.
Experienced trainers will just give them all the techniques, strategies, tips, and tricks, but owners are those who need to follow through consistently day-to-day.
Basic commands are: sit, lay down, stop.
A leash is introduced at a very early age because leash training is a primary goal of puppy kindergarten.
Breed-Specific Dog Obedience Training
The above mentioned basic commands are something that every dog breed can be taught.
But there are many other instructions that can be taught.
Beyond the basic instructions, specialty training depends upon what the dog is bred to do.
The training is based on knowing what their instinctual behaviors are.
Each particular breeds has background information that the dog trainer needs so that he/she can create and apply approaches and training techniques for that specific dog breed.
Training depends heavily on what kind of dog it is and for what purpose training is intended to accomplish.
This is best explained through examples.
The Bloodhound is celebrated as a search dog.
Newfoundlands are well-known as avalanche rescue dogs.
Labrador Retrievers are “the best cadaver dogs in the world”, so they are trained to follow the scent in different terrain and weather conditions and to identify cadaver scent in bodies of water.
Regular training sessions and daily training at home make their skills sharpened.
Definitely, the best-known working dogs are guides for the visually-impaired and companions for people with disabilities.
Guide dog training is particularly rigorous and only professional handlers can reach success in this field.
When training guide dog, a trainer has to pay attention to numerous characteristics.
Breed, personality, and attitude, the ability to follow commands, and anticipate potentially dangerous situations are all taken into consideration during training and before determining the right moment for pairing a guide dog with its owner.
What guide dogs are trained to do is to lead the owner from one location to another, stopping at curbs and steps, avoiding low-hanging branches, and bypassing any obstacles in the way.
How developed obedience training for guide dogs is, proves the fact that these dogs are even taught to disobey any unsafe commands.
For example, a properly trained guide dog will not lead someone into the street when cars are coming even if ordered to do so.
When companion dogs for the disabled are in question, it has to be mentioned that they are also highly trained to accomplish tasks the owner cannot do.
Those tasks are: picking something up off the floor, opening the refrigerator door, fetching the newspaper, and bringing in the mail.
The main goal of these dogs is to please and protect their owners and to keep them company.
Companion dogs are not meant to be left alone for hours at a time.
Comfort dogs are there to comfort people, especially children, during and after a traumatic experience such as a tornado or hurricane.
In many cases, comfort dogs are taken to hospitals, nursing homes, and hospice facilities with the aim to bring joy to the ill and suffering people.
Comfort dogs also have to be very well trained in these settings and those are usually smaller dogs with a gentle, calm nature who loves to be held in hands and petted.
Therapy dogs are very similar to comfort dogs but their main purpose is to help people work through mental health issues.
Also, therapy dogs are trained to help injured people overcome physical problems through exercise and treatment.
Positive Dog Training
No matter which breed is being instructed to accomplish any task, the approach to training all dogs has shifted from punishment to encouragement, persuasion, and positive reinforcement.
This change in training strategy is caused by the fact that fear and the threat of punishment are not productive techniques for training dogs.
To conclude, you cannot expect dogs to do whatever you want them to, as dogs are not born knowing how humans expect them to behave.
They do not know the rules, and it is in their nature to grab food off the table or jump on visitors.
Learning to walk on a leash and follow commands are the first steps towards the owner being in control of the dog for their own safety.